If you live in La Canada, you will most likely be affected by the scheduled changes in estate tax law. That’s because in 2011, Congress did something it’s never done before—it raised the ceiling on the estate tax exemption to $5 million—for two years only. At the end of that two-year term, the estate tax exemption amount is scheduled to drop to $1 million.
Because many average families could be affected by a reduction in the exemption amount—and in an election year, that would be a very unpopular move—most professionals believe Congress will act to reduce the estate tax exemption but not to the $1 million it will automatically become if Congress doesn’t act.
No one really knows what Congress will do with the estate tax. There are a number of bills under consideration of varying impact on families. What we do know, though, is that the estate tax exemption amount will likely be reduced so that this period of very expansive gifting of estate assets will end.
And that’s bad because gifting is a very powerful tool in reducing the amount of taxes families pay when a loved one dies—sometimes saving valuable family assets such as farms, ranches, and businesses from being lost to the biggest creditor in the world—the IRS.
Estate planners and financial advisors have long known how to make gifts out of your estate of appreciating assets so they don’t count in your taxable estate. But under this unique $5 million exemption, people can gift out of their estates very large assets that are growing or will grow. Once an asset is out of a taxable estate, it can continue to grow and benefit loved ones and charities estate tax-free.
For instance, imagine that you have $6 million in cash. If you died right now, your family would pay tax on $1 million at a flat rate of 35% for a total death tax of $350,000. If you do nothing and the estate tax exemption falls to the scheduled amount of $1 million at an effective rate of 55%, your family will pay $2.75 million in estate taxes.
Now, imagine that you make planned gifts of some of your cash into a trust that purchases a life insurance policy on you, a parent, or a grandparent. That policy is owned by the trust and at death the policy pays into the trust—at a rate of two to tens times the size of the original gift. TAX-FREE. Zero tax. Yes, not one penny to Uncle Sam. In fact, that would leave your family with enough to give generously to charities and foundations that you love as well as provide additional resources for your loved ones.
That’s a MASSIVE tax-free gift, isn’t it?
Now, even if you don’t have $5 million, you may have assets that are or will grow enough that it makes sense to gift them out of your estate while the exemption amount is so high. Even moderate gifts can become extremely valuable inside a tax-free vehicle.